- Technology for autonomous parking: Integrated into vehicle architecture or infrastructure
- Use cases: Autonomous parking in and out of parking garages and slow maneuvering in factories and logistics centers
- More safety. More efficiency. More profitability
Self-parking was yesterday. Driverless parking, also known as automated valet parking (AVP), is just one of several autonomous parking functions currently under development or already on the market. What they all have in common is that they bring greater convenience and safety to the driver. Stressful and lengthy parking maneuvers are now a thing of the past. At the same time, minor accidents can be avoided when maneuvering in complex and confusing situations, as these parking accidents can also quickly result in high costs. The autonomous vehicles can also be parked closer together, allowing for more parking spaces. This is a major advantage, especially in megacities, where parking spaces are both very scarce and expensive. Drivers as well as operators of parking garages, for whom new business models are opening up, benefit from AVP. But use in factories and logistics centers are also use cases for driverless parking.
Continental offers two approaches to Automated Valet Parking (AVP): the intelligent vehicle (AVP Type 1) and the intelligent infrastructure (AVP Type 2).
In a Type 1 system, the intelligence, including all sensors, computing units and algorithms, is located in the vehicle, while in a Type 2 system, the intelligence, including sensors and AVP management system, is located in the corresponding infrastructure. While AVP Type 1 is under development, the plan is to launch AVP Type 2 in 2024.
Continental is working on an AVP Type 1 system as an extension of assisted driving functions. As there is a trend towards more vehicle automation throughout the entire automotive industry, future vehicles will be equipped with significantly more environmental sensors and computing units, which is a basic requirement for AVP Type 1. With its comprehensive know-how, Continental offers solutions spanning the entire supply chain for the most diverse challenges that can arise in valet parking. From flexible navigation around stationary objects and automated interaction with barriers to driveways in multi-level parking garages.
In a Type 2 system, the intelligence, including sensors and AVP management system, resides in the corresponding infrastructure. The solution can be integrated into various infrastructure systems and offers two use cases. The first concerns autonomous maneuvering (Infrastructure Orchestrated Maneuvering, IOM), for example, of newly produced vehicles at vehicle manufacturers or in logistics areas, while the second case is about automated parking (Automated Valet Parking Type 2) in parking garages. To further advance infrastructure-based automated parking in parking garages and maneuvering in vehicle factories and in logistics centers, Continental is working closely with the AI specialist for automated parking, Kopernikus Automotive.
The principle is simple: The vehicle is handed over to an intelligent infrastructure system via app and automatically parked by it. If necessary, the vehicle can also be called via the app and then picked up at a predetermined exit. The vehicle automatically avoids obstacles and finds alternative routes around them. Other use cases include the end of a production line. Here, the vehicle is picked up and autonomously navigated to a parking space. Another example is at the hotel or airport entrance. Here, too, the vehicle is parked at the entrance and then parks itself autonomously.
With the help of cameras installed in the infrastructure, an intelligent algorithm processes the sensor data in a central control system and coordinates the movements of the vehicles by radio. Infrastructure-based object recognition, dynamic route planning, emergency braking and other functionalities are integrated.